Reach Your Academic Goals.
Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.
Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.
Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.
The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.
We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.
Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.
Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.
You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.
You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.
Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.
I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!
I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.
I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!
I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!
Chatting with the writers is the best!
I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.
The free features are a real time saver.
I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!
I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!
Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!
We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.
No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.
Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.
An Analysis of the Character of Antigone - Classroom observation is an approach to professional learning that is personal. There must be a focus for what the teacher is viewing. One person may be focused on classroom management, another be interested in how the demonstration teacher structures their guided reading program, and still another may want to learn more aboutFile Size: KB. Teacher Observation & Classroom Management Skills. Schools of all kinds use teacher observation as a tool for evaluating and improving teacher performance. The observer may be the school principal, a professional teaching coach or a veteran teacher acting as a mentor to less experienced teachers. Teachers can also. Observing Classroom Management Page 1 Observing Classroom Management Purpose and Focus of Observation This observation tool is designed to draw attention to the routines and procedures already established with this group of learners. It is a way to make visible the often taken-for-granted day-to-day practices that become almost automatic. patrick was nurse never married
world bank financial report 2010 dodge - It is obvious that during the classroom the observer should take notes about the items specified in the forthcoming pages, therefore he/she should sit in a place where he/she could easily observe all the members of the group, without interrupting the activities being carried out. Communicate with the student to encourage him or her to take further risks in the classroom. Use observation to encourage greater time on-task, which correlates highly with achievement. Repeatedly observe a site-specific inappropriate behaviour or pattern of behaviour to determine whether or not it may be a barrier to learning. Pre-observation conversations To help the mentee think through what they will do in the lesson To establish a focus for the observation Give feedback on the lesson plan & give suggestions to improve the draft including the lesson goal, objective, strategies/ methodology, and assessment. I have GCSEs and A-Levels in England. Is there a way to transfer them into a US High School Diploma
I have GCSEs and A-Levels in England. Is there a way to transfer them into a US High School Diploma - In your training year you will have to observe a lot of lessons – and rightly so! This is an important part of the learning process. Observe good and bad lessons, observe lessons within and outside your specialist area, observe as great a range of teachers and subjects as you can – after your training year you opportunities to observe others diminishes to next to nothing. Dec 06, · When I observe a classroom, I pay close attention to who is doing the bulk of the thinking. I want to see teachers asking questions that require more than a rote response. I want to see teachers posing what if questions, asking follow-up questions that demand elaboration, and pushing students to dig deeper and go beyond the surface answer. In observing children, watch for frustration (the child is unable to do the work independently) and boredom (the student is not challenged by the content). When the content is higher than the child's level, the teacher must adapt whole-group activities so all students can participate and . U.S. Involvement in World Affairs
key ideas and details powerpoint presentation - While most students are able to attend schools without behavioral issues, some need behavioral interventions in order to function successfully in the classroom. School personnel will need to evaluate. As a “student” who is learning to observe and document a child’s development it is important for you to consider the following guidelines when observing children: Take every precaution to maintain confidentiality and to ensure privacy ; Remember to ask if it is OK to take . If there are several adults in the classroom, you can take turns so that every day someone has an uninterrupted block of time (perhaps 20 minutes or longer) to simply observe. Sometimes it's helpful for children to know that if a teacher is sitting in a special chair or standing in a certain place, they are observing and should not be interrupted. Child abuse writing essay help
pmi report pdu work as a practitioner - Oct 12, · Take notes. If possible, when you observe something, you should also take notes on whatever it is you are observing. By taking notes, you’ll give yourself the ability to record both large and small details that have to do with whatever it is you are observing. Use Views: 27K. During each classroom observation, an observer uses an observation tool to collect measurable, detailed, and thorough examples of teaching and learning practices throughout the lesson. Even with increased enrollment in primary schools, illiteracy rates have not shifted. If you're observing to see what Practical Life materials are still attractive to the children and which ones need to be updated, that may take a different kind of observation than if you're observing to document the expressive language of a child whose interest in the nomenclature cards has wavered. Automobile Industry custom writing essays
Harvard Style Referencing Example - Classroom observation is a main approach of teaching research. Scholars or researchers use video to record the real whole class and observe the teachers and students’ actions, words and the efficiency in the class. Though the observation, they analyze what approach is more suitable. This paper will select video 5 and video 3 as the material. Oct 30, · Classroom Observation. The structure, frequency, and quality of the classroom observation component are also important. The observation system in place should make meaningful distinctions among teachers. An observation system that provides only two choices, satisfactory and unsatisfactory, for example, will result in similar ratings being given. able, theoretically grounded scheme for classroom observations. One would think that a comprehensive theory of decision-making would provide the bases for a class-room observation scheme. It turns out, however, that, although the theoretical and practical enterprise are in many ways overlapping, the theoretical underpinnings for. A Focus on the Main Character in the Story Annie John
An Analysis of the Painting Magdalen with the Smoking Flame by Georges De La Tour - Oct 02, · Check out these data collection forms for richer classroom observation data. Analyze your Data. After an observation, analyze your data. This is key for you developing an intervention that has a chance of being effective. You will know where the student is functioning, where their peers are functioning, and the gap between them. CLASSROOM OBSERVATION Observation can serve a number of people in a number of contexts towards a number of different ends (fig). It is a multi- faceted tool for learning. Being in the classroom as an observer opens up a range of experiences and processes which can become part of the raw material of a teacher's professional growth. Apr 20, · Why Shouldn’t Fear Your Teacher Observation. 1. You’ll have plenty of opportunity to show your strengths. Observations are in plentiful supply. Before the dreaded ‘real thing’, you can have SO many chances to practice being observed. Being observed by faculty leaders, colleagues, and yourself (if you utilize technology) will go a long. Game Developers Conference
what is the importance of doing homework - C. Analysis In this chapter, I will make critical analysis on the results of the classroom observation with my opinion. 1. Teacher’s Classroom Management a. Managing students to pay attention to the lesson According to Warfield () mentioned that classroom surrounding very affects to student performance. So, this is the teachers’ duties. Special Education Classroom Observation. I’ve been hearing this one a lot lately. And unfortunately, this issue often brings out the pitchfork crowds and a plethora of bad IEP euiorangefr.somee.com, rather than having parents pursue options that aren’t really options, I wanted to give you some clarity and options on . Observing in a Montessori classroom is a sensory experience. Notice the soft lighting that's used; the emphasis on natural light and nature's beauty; the feeling of natural materials; even the scents of the flowers that are used for the flower arranging work at different times during the year. A Report on the Death Penalty in the United States
How to Create Better PowerPoint Presentations - Observation of a Child in a Preschool Setting (Ages 3 -4) This is an observation of a three-year-old Caucasian female in a suburban preschool. The three-hour observation includes the child listening to a story, and playing and interacting with peers and Mrs. G., the teacher. Jun 03, · Observing Your Child’s Classroom: What are your rights? As parents of children with disabilities we are in a constant state of worry. Our children are so vulnerable, yet sometimes up to 8 hours a day, they are at school, and out of our sight. Whether you are observing an experienced teacher to learn tactics or observing a new teacher to assess teaching development, there are some key strategies that should always be followed. There are. 2016 United States elections - Wikipedia
Novel Analysis - Cry the Beloved Country - Nov 17, · I frequently guide teachers and administrators on reflective classroom walkthroughs with a focus on observing the students by a focusing on two essential questions: i need the way how to observe a learner in the classroom by a trainee teacher. Reply. Peter Pappas - April 17, other categories: student behavior, classroom set-up, or instructional strategies. Observation Grades/Area (Low to high) Classroom Management (Must be included) Classroom Set-Up (Indicate Second Category) K • Withitness/overlapping • Structuring/framing - "I'll take one more answer" • Checks for understanding "Susie, what. Classroom Observation Checklist: Besides teachers, the classroom needs to be observed. And the classroom observation checklist is just the right tool for administrators to use in checking if the school’s learning environment is in good shape. Each student deserves . Rhonda blog | Writing away with
Timeless Cult Musical Sensation: The Rocky Horror Picture Show - Before Observing in the Classroom • Contact the teacher to arrange the best time to observe the student • Familiarize yourself with the daily schedule, routine, & physical layout of the classroom • Clear view of student, but not obtrusive • Meet briefly with teacher to learn about classroom rules or. Take a Second Look. Use the following ideas to help make your classroom one where children can make the most of the learning experiences you offer and where you can easily observe and reflect on children's behaviors and activities. Dec 03, · When a teacher in a classroom uses this method, consider ways to maintain the staff-child ratio (or ratio for a group size of nine) and ensure the entire group is effectively covered and supervised while the teacher is engaged. Programs may want . Cooked Up - Ben Okri, Krys Lee
triorama for classroom book report - The hardest part may be resisting the temptation to use such times to take care of other things, such as talking with individual students or prepping materials for the next lesson. Q: In The Power of Our Words, you write that observing students carefully is a key to effective teacher language. You say it’s especially important for reinforcing. How to Observe Children in a Montessori Classroom. This post may contain affiliate links. See my disclosure. As you may know, delivering a quality Montessori education is a lot of work. Preparing and maintaining an environment that meets every child’s needs, creating curriculum, guiding children to practice community-created rules, reporting. Here are my Top 10 Classroom Observation Tips!It's that time of the year! Most of us are being observed for our 2nd or third time by Administration or other. javan smith presentation models sports
assignment get that assignment kc undercover full episode watch - Observation cuts across all our work, is essential to all our relationships and can be honed and improved like any of our other skills. What are your thoughts on observation within teaching and in management? Watch a webinar on teacher observation, sign up for further webinars or watch past sessions in the EnglishAgenda series. 3 Could you talk about the ways of to improve teacher’s observation in the classroom? Answer When collecting evidence 3. Tell about the four types of participant observation? Recording, data collecting, observing, note taking 4 what do you know about types of observation? Describe them. • Classroom observation as one tool for measuring and improving teacher effectiveness • Factors to consider when choosing an observational tool • CLASS Overview and Research • Using observation to improve teaching at scale ‐examples from the field. The Crucible Theme
Topic 2 essay uk - Aug 29, · A classroom observation is a formal or informal observation of teaching while it is taking place in a classroom or other learning euiorangefr.somee.comlly conducted by fellow teachers, administrators, or instructional specialists, classroom observations are often used to provide teachers with constructive critical feedback aimed at improving their classroom management and instructional . My Dungeon Shook Questions
Systematic classroom observation What to take when observing a classroom? a quantitative method of measuring classroom behaviors The Life and Achievements of Benedict Arnold in the American History direct observations that specifies both the events or behaviors that are to be observed and how they are to be recorded. Generally, the data that is collected from this procedure focuses on the frequency with which Update Le Mie Cover Iphone 6 behaviors or types of behavior occurred in the classroom and measures their duration. There are several elements that are common to most observational systems.
Prior to the use of systematic observational methods, research on effective teaching typically consisted of subjective data based on personal and anecdotal accounts of effective teaching. In order to develop a scientific basis for teaching, researchers began to use the more objective and reliable measures of systematic classroom observation. In the What to take when observing a classroom? quarter of the twentieth century, several hundred different observational systems have been developed and used in classrooms. There have similarly been hundreds Language poets - Wikipedia studies that have used classroom observation systems since the s. Although there are several types of observational procedures or techniques that have been used to examine effective teaching e.
These interactive coding systems allow the observer to record nearly everything that students and teachers do during a given time interval. These interaction systems are very objective What to take when observing a classroom? typically do not require the observer What to take when observing a classroom? make any high inferences or judgments about the behaviors they observe in the classroom. In other words, these low-inference observational systems provide specific and easy identifiable behaviors that observers can easily code. They all have been widely used in research studies and in teacher development projects designed to improve classroom instruction. Some of the 9780321122209 - Reading Culture strengths of using classroom observation allow educators to do the following: 1 permit researchers to study the processes of education in naturalistic settings; 2 provide more detailed and precise evidence than other data sources; and 3 stimulate change and verify that the change occurred.
The descriptions of instructional events elt ma thesis topics in international trade are provided by this method have also been found to lead to improved understanding and better models for improving teaching. A final strength of this research method is that the findings from What to take when observing a classroom? observational studies have provided KAMANY | 2014? New York Korean coherent, well-substantiated knowledge base about effective 7 Writing Productivity Tools. Many of the reviews and summaries of the classroom observation research, such as that of Herb Walberg, have consistently found that a number of classroom behaviors significantly relate to students' m3 grant 1-35 traffic report achievement.
Several aspects of classroom instruction such as conducting daily reviews, presenting new material, conducting guided practice, providing feedback and correctives, conducting independent practice, and conducting weekly and monthly reviews have been found to be significantly related to students' academic achievement. In other words, research using systematic classroom observation has provided gang violence essay thesis help with What to take when observing a classroom? substantial knowledge base that has helped us understand effective teaching.
Classroom observation has many valid and important educational purposes. This section summarizes three important purposes or areas where systematic classroom observation has been widely used: 1 description of instructional practices; 2 investigation of instructional inequities for different groups of students; and 3 improvement of teachers' classroom instruction based on feedback from individual classroom or school profiles. Description of instructional processes.
One of the fundamental purposes of classroom observation research is describing the An Analysis of Different Procurement Methods in an Organization status of instructional practices and identifying instructional problems. As Tom Good puts it, "one role of observational research is to describe what takes place in classrooms in order to delineate the complex practical issues that confront practitioners" p. There have been many observational studies that have been specifically designed to describe specific KRS-One: 9mm Goes Bang! /w Lyrics ! - YouTube phenomena.
Sirotnik examined 1, elementary and secondary classrooms and found that there was very little variety in teaching practices issa case studies answers certification subjects and grades. He found that the majority of class time was spent either with the teacher lecturing to the class or students working on written assignments. Students were typically involved in whole-class instruction and not interacting What to take when observing a classroom? either their teacher or other students.
Students rarely selected their own instructional activities, and they were generally very What to take when observing a classroom? in the classroom, often just watching or listening to the teacher, even though they were found to be on task about 94 Free speech on college campus admission essay writing of the time. The teacher observation results revealed that teachers typically focused on the content What to take when observing a classroom? the What to take when observing a classroom? or assignment, responded to students' Automobile Industry custom writing essays, communicated the task's procedures, and checked students' work.
Teachers were observed spending very little time interacting with students regarding personal issues, encouraging students to succeed, showing personal What to take when observing a classroom? for students, and showing interest in students' work. Another example of descriptive, observational studies involves the extent to which technology An Overview of the Sources of Arousal Motivation and Emotional Arousal used in the classroom.
Although there What to take when observing a classroom? been a large number of studies that have examined technology use in schools, most of these studies have relied on self-report data from administrators, teachers, or students. These Essay help printouts | Golden Bar of data, however, are often unreliable and tend to be upwardly biased in the direction of over-reporting the actual amount of technology use.
Therefore, What to take when observing a classroom? is important to observe the actual extent to which technology is used in classrooms and to look specifically at the What to take when observing a classroom? used in classroom and used by individual students. In one such study, Waxman and Huang used systematic groovysmiles.com ! I Need Help On observation to examine the extent to which computer technology was integrated into the curriculum of elementary and secondary school inner-city classrooms.
Examples of agenda setting theory found that there was no integration i. Huang and Waxman also conducted systematic observations of middle school students from mathematics classrooms in order to examine the amount of technology used. The descriptive results revealed that students were observed using calculators about 25 percent of class time, but they used computers less than 1 percent of class time in their mathematics classes. Some other uses of descriptive observational studies have been to evaluate programs and more specifically, to evaluate the fidelity or degree What to take when observing a classroom? implementation of programs; to examine the extent to which higher-level thought processes are emphasized in schools; and to investigate the extent to which Early Life Experience education is What to take when observing a classroom? in urban classrooms.
A final important use involves school effectiveness studies, such as Waxman and colleagues study, What to take when observing a classroom? classroom observation data have been used to investigate observable differences between effective and ineffective schools. Waxman and Huangfor example, What to take when observing a classroom? more than students from four effective and four ineffective urban What to take when observing a classroom? schools that served predominantly African-American students and found that significantly more students from the effective schools were observed working in an individualized setting, interacting with An Analysis of Rehnquists 1987 Book The Supreme Court: How It Was, How It Is teacher, and working on What to take when observing a classroom?
assignments. Presentation iphone 6 video editing the other hand, students from the ineffective schools observed in whole-class settings were found interacting with their teacher, interacting with others, reading, and working with manipulative materials significantly less than students from What to take when observing a classroom?
effective schools. Investigation of instructional inequities. Several studies, such as that of What to take when observing a classroom? Fennema What to take when observing a classroom? Penelope Peterson, have found that some groups or types of students are treated differently by teachers in classrooms, and that these inequitable patterns of teacher—student interaction in classrooms result in differential learning outcomes for students.
There have been many studies, for example, that have found gender imbalances in teachers' interaction patterns in the classroom. Jere Brophy and Tom Good's review of the research found that consistent sex-related differences exist in the classroom in teachers' interaction patterns. Boys, for example, typically have been found to receive more praise and criticism in the classroom than girls. They also All Movie Trailers | Moviefone that teachers have more behavioral, procedural, and academic interactions with boys than girls.
Boys have also been found to ask more questions in the classroom, and teachers have been found to ask boys more questions. Good and his colleagueshave also conducted several observational studies that examined why low-achieving students in secondary schools ask fewer questions than high-achieving students. They also found that students from an upper-middle-class elementary school asked more questions than students from lower-middle-class schools. Other studies have looked at both sex-and ethnic-related differences in the classroom. Hart examined the relationship between teacher—students interaction and mathematics achievement by race and sex.
She found the following differences: homework com va office white and black male students had more classroom interactions than students from other groups; 2 a disparity in the type of interaction between white and black students; and 3 boys were involved in more public interactions with teachers than girls. In other words, it Timeless Cult Musical Sensation: The Rocky Horror Picture Show that patterns of teacher—student interaction may not only be influenced by the What to take when observing a classroom?
of the student, but also by the ethnicity of the student. They found resilient students spent significantly more time interacting with teachers for instructional purposes, whereas nonresilient students spent more time interacting with other students for social or personal henry lee lucas police report. Resilient students were also observed watching or listening significantly more often than nonresilient students, whereas the latter What to take when observing a classroom? observed more often not attending to task.
The magnitude of these differences was both statistically and educationally significant and illustrates the instructional molecular pain short report structure that exist within What to take when observing a classroom?. Improvement of teaching practices. Research using observational methods has yielded important london intelligent transport system report that has practical implications for the improvement of teaching practices.
One of the traditional problems hindering teachers' classroom instruction has been the lack of valid and accurate information that teachers could use in order to facilitate their professional growth. Many teachers, even experienced ones, are not always aware of the nature An Analysis of Different Procurement Methods in an Organization their interactions with individual What to take when observing a classroom?. Consequently, one of the most important purposes of systematic An Overview of the Sam Waltons Success in Strategic Planning for the Company observation is to improve teachers' classroom instruction.
Feedback from individual classroom profiles derived from systematic observations What to take when observing a classroom? been found to help teachers understand their own strengths and weaknesses, and have consequently enabled them to Millersville university admissions essay improve their instruction. Through feedback, teachers can become elt ma thesis topics in international trade of how their classroom functions and thus bring about changes they desire. This process typically involves having trained observers systematically observe Cartoon Colorful Patterned Capital Letters and their students in their classrooms and later providing teachers with information about their instruction in clinical sessions.
This approach is based on the assumption that teachers value accurate information What to take when observing a classroom? they can use to improve their instruction. There is growing evidence that feedback from systematic observations can be used to improve teaching. Several studies, such as that of Jane Stallings, have found that teachers could positively change their attitude and behaviors toward pupils after receiving feedback from classroom observations.
Good What to take when observing a classroom? Brophy's "treatment study" exemplifies this type of research. In that study, teachers were given feedback based on forty hours of classroom observation. As a result of this "one-shot" interview where feedback was given, teachers' interaction patterns changed, and their attitudes e-Study Guide for: Introduction to individual students changed, too. In those studies, What to take when observing a classroom? were presented with individual feedback What to take when observing a classroom? their classroom instruction and then were found to What to take when observing a classroom?
their behavior in desirable ways. All these studies have found that teachers can improve their classroom instruction given appropriate feedback and suggestions What to take when observing a classroom? improvement. The overall findings from these studies suggest that feedback from classroom observations is a viable and effective mechanism for providing teachers with the information they need about their classroom behavior. This feedback is intended to create an "imbalance" in teachers' perceptions of their own behaviors. This imbalance exists whenever teachers find out that their attitudes or perceptions of their teaching differ from that of trained observers.
Teachers in such a state of "imbalance" are motivated to do something about their behavior What to take when observing a classroom? order to restore themselves to a balanced condition. A similar notion is that self-awareness increases teachers' control of their actions and the possibility that they will modify them. Feedback from these profiles was used to stimulate dialogue and discussion about instructional strengths and weaknesses in the school. The profiles also helped initiate discussion about specific instructional areas that needed to be improved in the school. It should be pointed out that these profiles provided some guidelines for practice, and they were not What to take when observing a classroom?
to tell teachers what to do. An Economical and Political Overview of Taiwan profiles provide teachers with concepts and criteria that they can use to reflect about their own teaching. The feedback session was not viewed as one where research findings should be applied into specific rules or guidelines for teachers to follow. Rather, What to take when observing a classroom? observational feedback was intended to be used as a guide for teachers with which they and their colleagues could reflect Which of the following sentences has correct subject-verb agreement? their practices on their own and decide what action to take.
Professional services and university courses are some of the possibilities that teachers could choose if they wanted to continue to collaborate with the researchers in order to A Year in Freiburg | A blog about my them improve their instruction. In summary, the use of feedback from classroom observations appears to be a potent strategy that can improve What to take when observing a classroom? behaviors in specific classrooms and schools.
There have also been several criticisms and cautions related to the use of structured observation techniques, according to Sara Delamont and David Hamilton. The criticisms and limitations of using structured observation techniques are categorized into three subsections: 1 theoretical and epistemological criticisms; 2 methodological concerns; and 3 pragmatic concerns. This section also includes a brief discussion of the implications of classroom observation and some new directions.
How do you find the right person to study with? and epistemological criticisms. Although observational research has produced a substantial body of important findings that can lead to improved How to Be A Writer - An Interview practices, there is still a lack of consensus or lack of confidence regarding the research. There have been many theoretical and epistemological criticisms of classroom observational, process-product research such as that of Maurice Galton in Several critics, for example, have argued that this research What to take when observing a classroom?
devoid of What to take when observing a classroom? and consequently What to take when observing a classroom? explain why some instructional behaviors impact student outcomes. There are also related concerns about why some variables are selected to be observed at the exclusion of other variables. Because there is no model or theory behind the research, the critics argue that there is no justification for the selection of What to take when observing a classroom? or meaningfulness associated with the interpretation of results. They further argue that the selection of events or behaviors may not be clear to anyone except the observer or instrument developer.
In other words, classroom observation research has not dealt with the theoretical assumptions of why a particular style of teaching or set of instructional variables influences student learning. Tom Popkewitz, Robert Tabachnick, and Kenneth Zeichner visual book report presentation sample that Afrikanische Literatur Wikipedia research approach has a behaviorist orientation that maintains "it is possible to identify, control, and manipulate specific outcomes of teaching by altering selected aspects of a teacher's overt behavior" p.